A Tea Addict's Journal

What I learned about aged oolongs

November 29, 2007 · 5 Comments

Ok, I was going to talk about the Wuyi Qizhong that I got along with the aged Tieguanyin and the aged shuixian that I got…. but that got derailed, because the tea turned out sour, enough so that it’s no longer pleasant to drink. If made lightly, I can probably get something out of it as an occasional beverage, but that’s about it.

So…. instead, let’s talk about aged oolongs in general.

As those of you who’ve been reading the blog have probably noticed, I’ve been on a binge for the past few months drinking various sorts of aged oolongs. Much like what I was doing with youngish puerh, I’ve been trying to get my hands on a wide variety of aged oolongs and drink them, becuase I think that’s the only way I can learn about them properly. What other people tell you is all fine and good, but nothing replaces actual drinking experience.

So with that in mind I went around Taipei looking for them. I asked about them no matter what tea store I walked into. The first thing I’ve learned is that everybody has some “laocha”, or “old tea”. When you say old tea here, you are usually talking about aged Taiwanese oolongs. Some people have assumed I was talking about puerh, but that’s often because I’m young and young people usually don’t drink old oolongs. Puerh is more fashionable to drink.

Just because everybody has them doesn’t mean they’re all real, or good. First of all there are very very roughly two kinds of Taiwanese teas that are often aged, at least among the stores I’ve been to. Baozhongs come in abundance, but there are also a number of places that sell aged oolongs — the rolled kind, often from Dongding, but sometimes from other places.

There are roughly three types of aged oolongs, I think. One is your “often reroasted” kind. Liquor from these will be dark and sweet, mellow, not too floral. One is the “dry stored from strong roast”, I think anyway, with a more puerh-like flavour and a residual note of floral quality. Then you have the younger, “still kinda green” aged oolongs. Those are actually nicer than current year stuff, I think, but I’m not sure how viable they are for long term storage. More honey like, some floral notes…. still quite nice.

This is, of course, discounting the fourth and most common kind – oolongs turned sour. These are teas that are usually stored improperly — picked up moisture, or itself had too much moisture when stored. Reroasting will take care of it, sometimes, but not always. There will also be people who tell you that some sourness is natural in an aged oolong, and some might even say it’s the mark of a good aged oolong. Take that with many grains of salt. A hint of it can be a nice thing, but…..

And… there are also the fakes. Since there is simply no way for you to tell with certainty (at least I haven’t discovered a surefire way) just by observing the dry leaves if the tea really has been aged or not, fakes happen. Most often, they are just heavily roasted teas that have been, one way or another, doctored to make them seem aged. I’ve been to stores that gave me a few aged oolongs that are obviously just roasted oolongs with no age behind them. I’ve managed to avoid most of those, but still, a few slipped through because I couldn’t taste the tea or because I wanted to make sure. For people who haven’t had a lot of exposure to this type of tea, it’s an easy trap to fall into.

Because of aging, firing, etc, no two aged oolongs are exactly the same. Especially since there are no identifying marks of an aged oolong — there are no wrappers, neifeis, etc (unless your tea came from a competition with the accompanying documentation) so stuff from store A will always be different from store B.

This gets us to the question of price. Prices for these things vary wildly. Among the types of teas I’ve tried, they range from something like $50/600g to $300/600g. Yet, stuff that are on opposite ends of this range can taste remarkably similar. I’ve also had stuff that taste better but are cheaper than the more expensive counterparts. Obviously, taste is taste, and some others might disagree with me with my preferences, but generally speaking, when the price difference is, say, 3 or 4 times, and when the tastes are very similar…. one starts questioning whether the more expensive tea is worth the extra cost. It is also worth noting that the places with the high priced aged oolongs are generally speaking of the more “arthouse” variety — nice decor, good location, etc, that means you’re paying for a lot more than just the tea itself. In fact, some of these teas are probably sourced from the places where I’m buying the cheaper varieties — many of these arthouses haven’t been around long enough to store the teas all the way since their birth.

I haven’t really tried any of the aged oolong offerings that one can buy off the internet, so I don’t know how they compare, or what categories they fall into, or if they’re even aged at all. But aged oolongs can be wonderful, and I think the good ones offer many nuances that can rival (or even beat) an aged puerh. This is especially true when you factor in the price of many older puerhs these days, and the high proportion of fakes out there. Anybody who makes a trip to Taiwan should at least give this stuff a try — I think it’s well worth the effort.

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5 responses so far ↓

  • MANDARINstea // November 29, 2007 at 2:28 pm | Reply

    “Because of aging, firing, etc, no two aged oolongs are exactly the same. Especially since there are no identifying marks of an aged oolong”

    – Marshall, you might wanna go back to HK and discover some older shops, which still make re-fine firing age TGY (Should have the same type of stores in TW).
    The older generation/stores still make these aged oolong using the same recipes and firing / aging process for at least 60 yrs. If the tea taste different every year, they will certainly loss there old customer. -Tok

  • MarshalN // November 29, 2007 at 7:39 pm | Reply

    Oh, yes, I know, they make the same tea year in and year out, but what I was saying was that the actual aged stuff you can buy are not going to be the same from store to store — even if they seem like more or less the same thing.

  • MANDARINstea // November 30, 2007 at 10:49 am | Reply

    I guess finding a young roasted oolong you like from an old store and see if they have the aged 10-15 yrs in there archives. Unfortunately, aged oolong are usually old inventory / unsold orders pile-up over the years. If the tea shop is good, they will re-roast them every 2 years. Not “Intentional aging” perhaps, but just to keep them sale-able?

    On the other hand, If the tea master is passion enough, they will usually have at least 5-10kg of oolong per year, which are intended for aging. These tea (only oolong) will go into a different roasting technique and aging process. Which personally, is my favorite treasure. -T

  • MarshalN // November 30, 2007 at 11:06 am | Reply

    Oh, yes, I know what you mean. 

    Now…. do you like the teas that are re-roasted every few years?  Or the ones that are never re-roasted again?

  • MANDARINstea // November 30, 2007 at 1:06 pm | Reply

    these are 2 different animal. And I love both!

    First one: If the master intent to age and refine roasting every 2 years. The tea should be sweet without any sourness. The key is to maintain the floral, young quality of a fresh oolong, but without the harsh green character thru aging. Turning the oil of the tea to caramelize goody. This is a very labour intensive process and only done by special order. I am testing a 16 yrs old, refined 8 times at the moment and is very interesting.
    The normal kind of “aged oolong” is heavily roasted every couple of years, I call it “left-over”. The re-roasting take away the moisture due to bad storage, but it then turn sour…. You are basically drinking a blend of different years and type of oolong, with a lot of fire, charcoal and “vinegar” in it.

    Second one: As I mention before, from Master Chan BTH. These are done by refine roasting for at least 4 days to 1 week. Mostly the highest grade maocha. Harvested in May, first roasting to stabilized, store and re-fine roasting in Oct. Then steeled and dry storage. These will maintain some sourness, but will taste like wine. Very close to aged puerh.

    If you can fine an old store with roasting plant in it. You might find both of these 2 types. -T

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